The reason why do some people become addicts, while some manage to steer away from addictions? Dependancy is a complex ailment, affecting people of all ages, personalities and backgrounds. A possibility easy to decipher why some people are more prone to addiction than others. Addiction disrupts normal functioning of the mind, and if left untreated it can create long-lasting negative effects on the mind and body.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), there are certain basic risk factors for example trouble at home, mental health issues, close friends or family members who abuse medicines and genetics, that make some people susceptible to drug abuse. Robert B.
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Millman, an addiction expert at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical School, says, “Locus associated with control is another influential factor in dependancy vulnerability. Addicts tend to believe that they may not be the masters of their own fate, that control lies outside of them. inch
Many people use drugs to “self-medicate, ” for instance, heroin plays a vital role in normalizing people who suffer from delusions and hallucinations, while cocaine can easily lift a depression or allow a person become better organized and focused.
Factors responsible for drug abuse
Individuals tend to develop an addiction because of various biological, familial, psychological and socio-cultural factors. Today, everyone has easy access to drugs; some people use them to deal with themselves from various afflictions, although some others become addicted to them. Substance abuse can be triggered by any of the subsequent factors:
Genetic tendency: Studies have revealed that genes many not specifically determine a person’s tendency to become a medication abuser. However , genes greatly assist in controlling the behavior of a drug abuser.
Peer pressure: Young people want to be liked and in their effort to get approved by their group, they give in to expert pressure. Thus, if the group will take drugs, they feel pressured to complete the same.
Stress: According to many healthcare providers, stress is the leading cause of drug abuse relapse in drug addicts. Studies reveal that high stress degree predicts continued drug use amongst opiate addicts.
Experimentation: NIDA’s Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment study says that adolescents are often motivated to try out something new, especially the daring ones. Thus, their experimentation with drugs can result in addiction.
Environment: Aside from various other factors, environment plays a significant role in triggering addiction problem in a drug addict. “A typical misperception is that addiction is an option or moral problem, and all you have to do is stop. But nothing could be further from the truth, ” says Doctor George Koob, Director of NIH’s National Institute on Alcohol Abuse plus Alcoholism. “The brain actually shifts with addiction, and it takes a great deal of work to get it back in order to its normal state. The more drugs or alcohol you’ve taken, the greater disruptive it is to the brain. ”
“Brain imaging studies of people addicted to drugs or alcohol show decreased activity in this frontal cortex, ” states Dr . Nora Volkow, Director of NIH’s National Institute on Drug Abuse.