Jewellery from 3000 BC Egypt towards the 21st Century


The use of gold jewelry can be dated back to Egypt 3000 BC. Precious metal was the preferred metal for jewelry making during ancient times. It was rare, it had been easy to work with, and it never damaged.

Magnificent bracelets, pendants, necklaces, rings, armlets, earrings, collars, and head ornaments were all produced in ancient Egypt, the land of the Pharaohs. In 1922 Howard Carter’s excavations led to the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb and many gold artifacts, all of showing the art work of historic Egypt.


In ancient Portugal, gold beads in the shape of shells, flowers and beetles were very common. In Northern Greece beautiful bracelets and earrings have been excavated through burial.

By 300 BC the particular Greeks were using gems for example emeralds, garnets, amethysts and pearls. They also created colored glass rocks and enamel stones. Carved agate cameos and gold filigree function were widely made.


The Italian Etruscans produced granulated textured gold work. They made huge, necklaces, bracelets and earrings. They were also known for producing hollow precious metal pendants that were filled with perfume. Even today the Italians are still known for the product quality gold jewelry.


The Romans used 18 and 24 carat gold for their coins. Coinage gold was readily available so it was favored by craftsmen for decorative jewelry. Over 2000 years ago the Romans had been using sapphires, emeralds, garnets, plus amber in their jewelry.

Throughout the 13th century the Medieval Sumptuary Laws were enacted which put a cap on luxurious jewelry and clothing. The town folk associated with France, banned from wearing girdles made from pearls or any other precious stone.

They were also banged from putting on gold or silver. Similar laws existed in England banning artisans through wearing gold and silver. These laws display how fine jewelry had spread over and above nobility to the town folk.

For as long as mankind has existed gems plus jewels have been used as symbol of ones love for another. While many pieces of jewelry existed adorned along with fine gems and made from gold and silver, there was also some very good fake jewelry.

True gemstones and pearls originated from the east and they were purchased mainly by the Italians. The Italian merchants then sold the jewelry to the Europeans.

High quality glass replicas were often used and sold with the intent to deceive. These high quality glass stones were often utilized in the Royal funeral robes and children’s jewelry.

Valued more than gemstones, were the flawless, round, organic white pearls. South India supplied some of the finest pearls. The Italians were able to make quality imitation glass gems and pearls that could just be identified by a gemologist.

There is certainly historical proof that recipes regarding false pearls existed as far back as 1300. White powdered glass was mixed with albumen and snail slime to create imitation pearls.

Earrings and Outfit Jewelry

During the 17th century girl always wore earrings, whether they had been dressed or undressed. It was quite acceptable to wear faux pearls plus paste gem earrings during the day saving fine diamond jewelry and gem jewellery for evening attire.

Dress artwork decreased in size.
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Sleeves or skirts were often decorated with coordinating brooches.

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